Project scheme

Objectives

1. Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of the Extra-Carpathian Geto-Dacian (Thracian) gold and gilded silver objects - princely hoards and remarkable isolated discoveries - Cucuteni-Baiceni, Stancesti, Bunest-Averesti, Poiana-Cotzofenesti, Agighiol, Peretu, Craiova, Poroina, Popesti-Arges, Poiana-Galatzi (1, 2, 3, 4)

  • comparative analysis for Greek (classic, Hellenistic) gold objects from Dobroudja
  • comparison with published data on Thracian, Greek, Scythian, Celtic gold objects
  • provenance studies for gold as metal (alluvial, primary - mining regions), gold metallurgy (refining, alloying)
  • political, commercial, military aspects: goldsmith's workshops, trade routes, payments, looting, etc

2. Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of the Dacian (from Transylvania) gold objects - new recovered spiraled bracelets, Capalna necklace and ear-rings (5, 6, 7)

  • comparison with published data on Thracian, Hellenistic, Celtic, Roman gold objects
  • provenance studies for gold as metal (alluvial, primary - mining regions), gold metallurgy (refining, alloying) - special investigation on geological native gold samples from Valea Pianului and Brad-Rosia Montana auriferous placers and deposits
  • metallurgical aspects: refining, goldsmith's workshops, significance of Gold items for Dacians

3. Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of the Dacian staters type "Koson" - old collections, Tarsa-Luncani hoard, September 2009 hoard, new recoveries) (8, 9, 10)

  • comparative analysis with pseudo-Lysimachus staters recovered from Sarmizegetusa area and from Romanian collections, Macedonian staters (Alexander, Lysimachus), Roman aureii
  • Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of the Dacian silver drachms type "Koson" and "Macedonia Prima - Droueis" recovered from Sarmizegetusa area
  • provenance studies for gold as metal (alluvial, primary), refining, alloying
  • political, commercial, military aspects: goldsmith's workshops, trade routes, payments, looting, etc

4. Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of Geto-Dacian silver coins types - Extra-Carpathian (Husi-Vovriesti, Prundu-Jiblea, Ocnitza-Carbunesti, Dumbraveni, Adancata-Manastirea, Varteju, Aninoasa-Dobresti), Transylvanian (Criseni-Berchies, Radulesti-Hunedoara, Petelea, Toc-Cherelus) - (11, 12, 13)

  • comparative analysis with Thassos (original and imitations) and Macedonia Prima tetradrachms, Apollonia-Dyrhachium drachms, Celtic drachms, Roman Republican denarii from Romanian collections; plated and silvered forgeries (14, 15, 16)
  • the question of "Roman denarii type" Geto-Dacian coinage - it is possible to use archeo-metallurgical studies to demonstrate it?
  • provenance studies for silver, metallurgical aspects - alloying, especially with bronze and tin
  • political, commercial, military aspects: minting workshops, trade routes, payments, looting
  • significance of the Geto-Dacian coinage - are these coins real money?

5. Archaeo-metallurgical characterization of the Dacian silver adornments and toreutics - hoards and discoveries from Lupu, Saracasau, Sancraieni, Tilisca, Stancutza, Poiana-Gorj, Coada Malului, Herastrau, Piatra Craivii; brooches (fibulae) and torques-s recovered from Sarmizegetusa area and from MNIT Cluj-Napoca (Cojocna, Gherla, etc) (17, 18, 19)

  • comparison with published data on Thracian, Greek, Celtic, Roman silver objects
  • provenance studies for silver, metallurgical aspects - alloying, especially with bronze and tin
  • are the Dacian silver objects locally produced from coins melting, from silver minerals, or imported?

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